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  1. Modernity, complex societies, and the alphorn
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The definition of alphorn in the dictionary is a wind instrument used in the Swiss Alps, consisting of a very long tube of wood or bark with a cornet-like mouthpiece. Educalingo cookies are used to personalize ads and get web traffic statistics. We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.

Meaning of "alphorn" in the English dictionary. Synonyms and antonyms of alphorn in the English dictionary of synonyms. Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about alphorn. This easily accessible book offers a pioneering study about the alphorn, its music, and its performance, based on extensive field research in Switzerland and other countries.

Charlotte Vignau, This creative fanfare utilizes a solo alphorn, creative percussion writing and brilliant fanfare passages to take the listener on a musical journey. This is a new composition which takes the traditional brass choir sound in a new direction. Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

Hephaestus Books, Strum a pear-shaped OUD in Iran. From Alphorn to Zills opens a child's eyes to many different ways people can create music. Stephanie Chandra, Folksongs, yodeling, parties, camaraderie and a couple of drinks, seem to be part of a happy life. But for Lorenz Schwarz this picture was misleading. Lorenz Schwarz, Source Wikipedia, Brahms wrote to Clara Schumann that the inspiration for the dramatic entry of the horn in the introduction to the last movement of his First Symphony was an alphorn melody he heard while vacationing in the Rigi area of Switzerland. The alphorn is prominently featured in television advertisements for Ricola cough drops, which are manufactured in Switzerland.

Didgeridoo The didgeridoo is a wind instrument developed by Indigenous Australians of northern Australia within the last 1, years and still in widespread use today both in Australia and around the world. It is sometimes described as a natural wooden trumpet or "drone pipe". Musicologists classify it as a brass aerophone. There are no reliable sources stating the didgeridoo's exact age.

Archaeological studies of rock art in Northern Australia suggest that the people of the Kakadu region of the Northern Territory have been using the didgeridoo for less than 1, years, based on the dating of paintings on cave walls and shelters from this period. A clear rock painting in Ginga Wardelirrhmeng, on the northern edge of the Arnhem Land plateau , from the freshwater period shows a didgeridoo player and two songmen participating in an Ubarr Ceremony. A modern didgeridoo is cylindrical or conical, can measure anywhere from 1 to 3 m long. Most are around 1.

The longer the instrument, the lower its pitch or key. However, flared instruments play a higher pitch than unflared instruments of the same length. There are numerous names for the instrument among the Aboriginal peoples of northern Australia, none of which resemble the word "didgeridoo". Many didgeridoo enthusiasts and some scholars advocate reserving local names for traditional instruments, this practice has been endorsed by some Aboriginal community organisations. However, in everyday conversation, bilingual Aboriginal people will use the word "didgeridoo" interchangeably with the instrument's name in their own language.

The earliest occurrences of the word in print include a edition of the Hamilton Spectator , a edition of The Northern Territory Times and Gazette , a issue of Smith's Weekly where it was referred to as an "infernal didjerry" which "produced but one sound — didjerry, didjerry and so on ad infinitum".

There are numerous regional names for the didgeridoo; the following are some of the more common of these. Authentic Aboriginal didgeridoos are produced in traditionally oriented communities in Northern Australia or by makers who travel to Central and Northern Australia to collect the raw materials, they are made from hardwoods the various eucalyptus species that are endemic to the region. The main trunk of the tree is harvested, though a substantial branch may be used instead.

Modernity, complex societies, and the alphorn

Aboriginal didgeridoo craftsmen hunt for suitably hollow live trees in areas with obvious termite activity. Termites attack these living eucalyptus trees, removing only the dead heartwood of the tree, as the living sapwood contains a chemical that repels the insects. Various techniques are employed to find trees with a suitable hollow, including knowledge of landscape and termite activity patterns, a kind of tap or knock test, in which the bark of the tree is peeled back, a fingernail or the blunt end of a tool, such as an axe, is knocked against the wood to determine if the hollow produces the right resonance.

Once a suitably hollow tree is found, it is cut down and cleaned out, the bark is taken off, the ends trimmed, the exterior is shaped; this instrument may be left undecorated. A rim of beeswax may be applied to the mouthpiece end. Traditional instruments made by Aboriginal craftsmen in Arnhem Land are sometimes fitted with a " sugarbag " mouthpiece; this black beeswax has a distinctive aroma.

Non-traditional didgeridoos can be made from PVC piping, non-native hard woods, fiberglass , agave , clay and carbon fibre. These didges have an upper inside diameter of around 1. The mouthpiece can be constructed of beeswax, hardwood or sanded and sized by the craftsman. In PVC, an appropriately sized rubber stopper with a hole cut into it is acceptable, or to finely sand and buff the end of the pipe to create a comfortable mouthpiece.

Modern didgeridoo designs are distinct from the traditional Australian Aboriginal didgeridoo, are innovations recognized by musicologists. Didgeridoo design innovation started in the late 20th century using non-traditional materials and non-traditional shapes. Many didgeridoos are painted using traditional or modern paints by either their maker or a dedicated artist, it is common to retain the natural wood grain with minimal or no decoration.

Music & Dance - Folk & Traditional

Some modern makers deliberately avoid decoration if they are not of Indigenous Australian descent, or leave the instrument blank for an Indigenous Australian artist to decorate it at a stage. Murray Schafer Raymond Murray Schafer, is a Canadian composer, music educator and environmentalist best known for his World Soundscape Project , concern for acoustic ecology, his book The Tuning of the World. At the last institution he was a pupil of Richard Johnston , his music education theories are followed around the world.

He started soundscape studies at Simon Fraser University in the s. In addition to introducing the concept of soundscape, he coined the term schizophonia in , the splitting of a sound from its source or the condition caused by this split: "We have split the sound from the maker of the sound. Sounds have been given an amplified and independent existence.

Vocal sound, for instance, is no longer tied to a hole in the head but is free to issue from anywhere in the landscape. In he was awarded the first Glenn Gould Prize in recognition of his contributions. In his composition " String Quartet No. In Schafer was awarded the Walter Carsen Prize, by the Canada Council for the Arts , one of the top honours for lifetime achievement by a Canadian artist. In , he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada "for his contributions as an internationally renowned composer of contemporary music, for his groundbreaking work in acoustic ecology". Schafer is a practitioner of graphic notation.

Theatre Job. Chor, actors, et cetra. Chor, actors, fl, organ , percussion. Str orch. Arcana Full orch. Ber Untitled Composition for Orchestra No. Sm orch. Ber Statement in Blue.

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Youth orch. Full orch, tape. UE Rev Ber East. Full orch, snowmobile. UE Train.

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UE Ko wo kiku. Arcana Dream Rainbow Dream Thunder.

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Mezzo, woodwind quintet or mezzo, orch. Ber , Arcana. Mezzo, orch. Bar, orch. Arcana Threnody. Choir, tape. Ber Comprising: Part 1: Divan i Shams i Tabriz. V, 4-track tape. UE Arcana 12 of the 14 songs appear in Patria 4. V, orch.

Frances jones alphorn book

Alto, orch. Sop, small orch, tape. Alto, full orch. Arcana Concerto for Flute.

Alphorn World Record

Fl, full orch. Arcana Letters from Mignon. Arcana Concerto for Harp. Hp, full orch, tape.

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Cistercians The Cistercians the Order of Cistercians, are a Catholic religious order of monks and nuns that branched off from the Benedictines and follow the Rule of Saint Benedict. They are known as Bernardines, after the influential St.

Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England , Scotland , Spain , Italy and Eastern Europe ; the keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life as it had been in Saint Benedict's time.

The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour agricultural work in the fields, a special characteristic of Cistercian life; the Cistercians made major contributions to culture and technology in medieval Europe : Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture.